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LIPP Scenarios

Participants in LIPP are expected to contribute a percentage of their monthly household income toward their monthly loan payments. Most participants find they are able to comfortably manage the participant contribution expected of them. 

In an effort to demonstrate the potential long-term benefits of LIPP, we have created several examples to show how graduates in varying circumstances would fare under LIPP. For each of these examples we have made the following assumptions:

  • We used the 2013-14 program guidelines and allowed for moderate increases to the income scale each year.
  • We assumed salaries are increasing with the cost of living (3% per year), except in the DOJ attorney example. If actual annual salaries increase by more than 3%, actual LIPP benefits will be lower than these estimates.
  • We used a borrowing average of $126,000, the average borrowing of the HLS class of 2013, which equates to 120 monthly payments of $1,700.18. The total amount repaid on this debt after 10 years will be $204,022 due to accumulated interest. Note that graduates with higher debt than this assumed average would receive more LIPP assistance, with all other assumptions being unchanged.
  • All loan repayments are calculated at an average 7.5% interest rate, assuming a 10 year repayment plan (120 payments).
  • We assumed all borrowing was eligible for LIPP¬†assistance.

Scenarios:

  1. Assistant District Attorney, single
  2. Assistant District Attorney, married
  3. Legal Services Attorney, single
  4. Attorney at Small Private Firm, single
  5. Attorney, U.S. Department of Justice, single

Assistant District Attorney, single

  • Starting income of $52,000.
  • With annual raises of 3%, after 10 years she will be earning an income of almost $68,000.

Based on an income of $52,000 this graduate will contribute $100 each month toward her loans and LIPP will provide her with assistance to cover the remaining $1,600.18 of her monthly payment. If she remains in LIPP for 10 years, she will be awarded about $190,265 to cover her loan payments and will be expected to pay about $13,757 out of pocket. This means HLS will repay 93.3% of her loans.

10 Years in LIPP

If she moves on to a higher paying job after four years and leaves LIPP, she will have received about $76,588 during her years of participation. Because LIPP has no "minimum term" requirement, she will not have to repay any of the LIPP assistance for which she was eligible. Even though she is responsible for the entirety of her future loan payments after leaving LIPP, once she completes the 10 year repayment of her loans HLS will have paid off about 37.5% of her loan debt.

4 Years in LIPP

Assistant District Attorney, married

  • Starting income of $52,000; spouse earns $63,000, for a combined household income of $115,000.
  • With annual raises of 3%, after 10 years he will be earning an income of almost $68,000, and his spouse will be earning an income of over $82,000, for a combined household income of $150,000.

This graduate will contribute $283.33 each month toward his loans, which is based on half the household income of $115,000. LIPP will provide him with assistance to cover the remaining $1,416.85 of his monthly payment. If he remains in LIPP for 10 years, he will be awarded about $165,045 to cover his loan payments and will be expected to pay a total of $38,977 out of pocket. This means HLS will repay 80.9% of his loans. If this couple has children during the period in LIPP, the graduate can qualify for LIPP assistance during a parental leave, or while working part-time, and will also receive allowances against his share of the household income for child care expenses.

10 Years in LIPP

If he moves on to a higher paying job after four years and leaves LIPP, he will have received about $67,384 during his years of participation. Because LIPP has no "minimum term" requirement, he will not have to repay any of the LIPP assistance for which he was eligible. Even though he is responsible for the entirety of his future loan payments after leaving LIPP, once he completes the 10 year repayment of his loans, HLS will have paid off about 33% of his loan debt.

4 Years in LIPP

Legal Services Attorney, single

  • Starting income of $45,000.
  • With annual raises of 3%, after 10 years he will be earning an income of almost $59,000.

Based on an income of $45,000 this graduate will not contribute anything towards his monthly loan obligations, and LIPP will provide him with assistance to cover the entire $1,700.18 of his monthly payment. If he remains in LIPP for 10 years, he will be awarded $204,022 to cover his loan payments and will be expected to pay nothing out of pocket. This means HLS will repay 100% of his loans.

10 Years in LIPP

If he moves on to a higher paying job after four years and leaves LIPP, he will have received about $81,609 during his years of participation. Because LIPP has no "minimum term" requirement he will not have to repay any of the LIPP assistance for which he was eligible. Even though he is responsible for the entirety of his future loan payments after leaving LIPP, once he completes the 10 year repayment of his loans, HLS will have paid off about 40% of his loan debt.

4 Years in LIPP

Attorney at Small Private Firm, single

  • Starting income of $70,000.
  • With annual raises of 3%, after 10 years she will be earning an income of almost $91,000.

Based on an income of $70,000 this graduate will contribute $700 each month toward her loans, and LIPP will provide her with assistance to cover the remaining $1000.18 of her monthly payment. If she remains in LIPP for 10 years, she will be awarded about $107,725 to cover her loan payments and will be expected to pay about $96,297 out of pocket. This means HLS will repay 52.8% of her loans.

10 Years in LIPP

If she moves on to a higher paying job after four years and leaves LIPP, she will have received about $46,466 during her years of participation. Because LIPP has no "minimum term" requirement, she will not have to repay any of the LIPP assistance for which she was eligible. Even though she is responsible for the entirety of her future loan payments after leaving LIPP, once she completes the 10 year repayment of her loans, HLS will have paid off about 22.8% of her loan debt.

4 Years in LIPP

Attorney, U.S. Department of Justice, single

  • Starting income of $62,467, based on the 2013 Federal GS salary scale.
  • Raises for DOJ attorneys are typically more frequent and larger in size, so after 6 months, she could receive a raise to $74,872, and one year after that, another raise to $89,033; her next pay raise, 1 year later, would place her at an income at which she would no longer qualify for LIPP assistance based on her level of loan debt.

At an income of $62,467 this graduate will contribute $448.90 each month toward her loans, rising to $1,334.43 at an income of $89,033. LIPP will provide her with assistance to cover the remaining $1251.28 and $365.75 (respectively) of her monthly payment. If she remains in LIPP for 2.5 years, she will be awarded about $21,950 to cover her loan payments and will be expected to pay about $29,055 out of pocket. This means HLS will repay 43% of her loan payment while she is in LIPP.

After 2.5 Years in LIPP at DOJ

Once she no longer qualifies for LIPP, she will not have to repay any of the LIPP assistance for which she was eligible. She will, however, have to practice good money management skills in the first few years after moving beyond LIPP eligibility in order to meet her expenses and monthly loan payments. Still, the long-term outlook for HLS graduates in federal government positions is good; they typically receive income increases above the annual cost of living rate, and the portion of their post-LIPP income they must devote to loan repayment gradually declines. There are also federal loan repayment assistance programs for which federal employees can qualify after LIPP, and HLS currently offers a competitive fellowship program, the Heyman Fellowship, for graduates beginning careers in federal government. When this attorney completes the 10 year repayment of her loans, HLS will have paid off about 10.8% of her loan debt.

After 10 Years at DOJ

If you want to learn more about LIPP, begin here.

Last modified: October 23, 2014

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